Background of Thinking for a Change (T4C)

Thinking for a Change (T4C) is a 25 lesson integrated cognitive behavior change program that was introduced in 1998 by the National Institute of Corrections, an agency within the U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Prisons. The curriculum has gone through multiple revisions, and in 2016, the latest version (4.0) was released.

Through expert demonstrations, role-play activities, and homework exercises, participants of the T4C group program learn social skills, the skill of cognitive self-change, and problem solving skills. In a preferred group setting of 8-12 participants, the program teaches participants how to create change in their thinking and behavior in order to make better decisions in their daily lives. The premise of T4C is that thinking controls behavior.


The T4C program is used in correctional institutions, community corrections, behavioral health centers and probation and parole supervision settings across the United States. It has been validated by research to positively impact offender recidivism outcomes as compared to control groups. It is considered an evidence-based program for addressing criminogenic needs and risk factors.





Four day (32 hour) classroom based training exclusive to your agency staff at the site of your agency. The training requires a minimum of four learners and is limited to ten.  The flat rate for the training is $7,950.00 for locations within the contiguous United States. Please request a quote for requests outside of the contiguous United States.




Seven week (44 hour) cohort style blended learning program combines online learning with a two day classroom experience (locations vary). This training option is open to anyone interested in becoming a T4C Facilitator. The cost is $997.00 per enrolled learner. Learners are responsible for their travel and lodging. 

Training Prerequisites

There is no special level of education or professional qualifications required to be trained in the Thinking for a Change program. However, an individual who plans to facilitate the Thinking for a Change program should possess the following characteristics: 1) Believe people, including criminal offenders, can change; 2) Does not easily become frustrated by client participants; 3) Is firm, but fair and nonjudgmental; 4) Is consistent when interacting with client participants; 5) Can communicate in an effective manner (e.g. calm, even voice tone); and 6) Has an understanding of cognitive behavioral interventions.

Training Objectives

The 25 modules of the "Thinking for a Change" program (version 4.0) will be covered as a class, and at the end of the training, facilitator trainees will be able to:

  • Describe theoretical foundations of cognitive behavioral approaches;

  • Articulate the core principles and components of the Thinking for a Change program;

  • Demonstrate a cognitive self-change lesson utilizing the Thinking for a Change program;

  • Demonstrate a social skill lesson utilizing the Thinking for a Change program;

  • Demonstrate a problem solving lesson utilizing the Thinking for a Change program;

  • Plan for the implementation of the program within their agency; and

  • Facilitate groups utilizing the Thinking for a Change program.


Angela E. Dash, Ph.D. is the training instructor of both the traditional classroom and the blended learning offerings. Dr. Dash started facilitating the Thinking for a Change group program in 2006 and has facilitated the program to both juvenile and adult populations. Trained in 2009 by the National Institute of Corrections as a trainer of the Thinking for a Change (T4C) Facilitators Program, she has traveled across the United States training other professionals to become T4C facilitators and provides facilitator observation and coaching in support of facilitator development and program fidelity.


Lesley K - Mountain Valley Counseling Associates, Phoenix, AZ

I am impressed with Angela's training skill and style. She is energetic and easy to pay attention to. I found her extra insights from her own experiences with delivering T4C to be especially helpful. This was a great learning opportunity and I feel equipped to implement and facilitate a T4C program.

Pamela W - Circle Park Behavioral Health Services, Florence, SC

Angela is energetic and knowledgeable in T4C and is very creative in her demonstration. She is patient and addressed all questions and concerns thoroughly. I highly recommend that anyone wishing to be trained in T4C seek a training with Angela.

Rhonda J - Grace Harbour Behavioral Services, Peachtree City, GA

The training was great. I learned a great deal and as a result of this training, I am sold on the Thinking for a Change program. I grew both personally and professionally as a result of my participation in this training.

Stacey H - Spectrum Outreach Services,

Ironton, OH

All I can is Wow! This program exceeded my expectations. There is no way someone could properly facilitate this program without training...Thank you, Angela!

Interested Agencies

Plan ahead and schedule your 2018

Thinking for a Change training dates soon.